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Change, Choice and Power : Young Women, Livelihoods and HIV Prevention ; Literature review and case study analysis

Collectivite Auteur : UNFPA
Année de Publication : 2007
Type : Etude
Thème : Santé humaine
Couverture : Maroc

Résumé/Sommaire :

If poor young women and adolescent girls have access to their own incomes, will they better be able to protect themselves against HIV infection ? Will economic independence and secure livelihoods result in economic empowerment so that they have the ability and power to refuse unwanted sex, to negotiate condom use and walk away from violent relationships ? Will this improve their sexual and reproductive health ? This paper sets out to explore these questions. Statistics are showing that young women and girls between the ages of 15 and 24 are the most vulnerable group. One-third of all women living with HIV are between the ages of 15 and 24, while 76% of young people who are living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are female. Given statistics such as these, it is clear that a focus on prevention, treatment and care for this age group is of extreme urgency. The paper focuses in particular on southern and eastern Africa as these are the hardest hit areas, where prevalence rates are highest and where concerted efforts are being made to address young women in terms of prevention. It also looks more particularly at the role of microfinance, as this is often the only potential source of income for poor young women and adolescent girls. Vocational training is also reviewed.

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