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Auteur : Sirimanne Shamika N., Hoffmann Jan, Asariotis Regina ...[et al.]
Collectivite Auteur : United Nations. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Année de Publication : 2021
Type : Rapport
Thème : Transport
Couverture : Maroc

Résumé/Sommaire :

1. International maritime trade and port traffic
A. Volumes of international maritime trade and port traffic
B. Outlook and longer-term trends
C. Policy considerations and action areas
2. Maritime transport and infrastructure
A. The world fleet
B. Shipping companies and operations: adapting maritime transport supply in an uncertain environment
C. Port services and infrastructure supply
D. The Impact of COVID-19 on ports: lessons from the UNCTAD TrainForTrade Port Management Programme
E. Summary and policy considerations
3. Freight rates, maritime transport costs and their impact on prices
A. Record-breaking container freight rates
B. Dry bulk freight rates also reach highs
C. Tanker freight rates dip to the lowest levels ever
D. Economic impact of high container freight rates, particularly in smaller countries
E. Structural determinants of maritime transport costs
F. Summary and policy considerations
4. Key performance indicators for ports and the shipping fleet
A. Port calls and turnaround times
B. Liner shipping connectivity
C. Port cargo handling performance
E. Greenhouse gas emissions by the world fleet
F. Summary and policy considerations
5. The COVID-19 seafarer crisis
A. Seafarers crisis – recent developments
B. Seafarer crisis – implementation of the ILO Maritime Labour Convention, 2006, as amended (MLC 2006)
C. Crew changes and key worker status – other relevant international legal instruments
D. The way forward
6. Legal and regulatory developments and the facilitation of maritime trade
A. Technological developments in the maritime industry
B. Regulatory developments relating to international shipping, climate change and other environmental issues
C. Legal and regulatory implications of the COVID-19 pandemic
D. Other legal and regulatory developments affecting transportation
E. Maritime transport within the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
F. FAL Convention
G. ASYCUDA ASYHUB case studies
H. Summary and policy considerations

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